Quote Jane

“There is a stubbornness about me that never can bear to be frightened at the will of others. My courage always rises at every attempt to intimidate me.” ― Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

dinsdag 18 april 2017

Muslin Shawl Reputedly embroidered by Jane Austen.

Like all women of her time and class, Jane Austen learnt to sew in childhood and gained a life-long skill. Sewing was something she was particularly good at. In 1796 Austen wrote in a letter that she was “the neatest worker” of a group making shirts for one of her brothers. Edward Austen-Knight remembered of his aunt that “Her needlework both plain and ornamental was excellent, and might almost have put a sewing machine to shame. She was considered especially great in satin stitch.”

Family history says Jane Austen embroidered this shawl. Without more pieces of Austen’s sewing to compare it is hard to be sure, and the crosses do resemble Indian work on other historic garments. What is clear from the repairs is that this shawl was a valued item of clothing, and its owner took great care of it. The careful, precise sewing on the hems, lace strip, darns and patches, show a highly-skilled needle-woman at work. jane-austens-house-museum

200th anniversary of the death of Jane Austen

This year is the 200th anniversary of the death of Jane Austen, the great English novelist whose works have been published to worldwide acclaim and continue to be enjoyed as plays, films, performances and of course, through the books themselves. The event will be especially commemorated in Hampshire – the rural county that Jane knew and loved – and in Bath. The anniversary is being marked with exhibitions, talks, walks and workshops and celebrated through costume, food and music – some of these events will no doubt be as part of the Jane Austen Annual Festival in Bath in September, whose special 2017 programme is still awaiting release.

Events will mainly be taking place at Winchester, because it was here that Jane Austen died aged 41, in rented lodgings close to the cathedral. Jane had come to Winchester from her Hampshire cottage at Chawton, accompanied by her beloved sister Cassandra, to seek medical help because of her failing health. royalcentral/royalty-and-jane-austen

woensdag 12 april 2017

Regency Lives Matter: Jane Austen So White? Not So Fast ... Olivia Murphy

These are very strange times for Jane Austen fans.
While it has been exciting to see many of the world's foremost Austen scholars quoted in the New York Times and the Guardian, it is hard not to be bemused by the spectacle of them defending her novels from appropriation by white supremacists, neo-Nazis and other members of the so-called alt-right. To be perfectly clear, Jane Austen was never a white supremacist. Such racist doctrines were barely coming into existence during her lifetime (1775-1817), and would not take hold until long after she had died.

What this minor scandal over Austen's popularity on certain far-right political sites suggests is that Austen - or rather the fictional world of Austen's novels - easily stands in for most people as shorthand for an all-white England of conservative values and decorous feminine behaviour.
Even Juliet Wells, a highly respected Austen scholar, was quoted in the New York Times saying that "Austen's characters are white, and her world is white."

But the white England of these assumptions is a myth, and always has been. We don't have photographs of Austen's era, and the Georgians had no concept of collecting the kind of demographic statistics that we're so fond of quoting. Nevertheless, there were plenty of black people - that is, people of recent sub-Saharan descent - along with people from many other national and ethnic backgrounds living in Jane Austen's England. We don't know exactly how many (no photographs, no statistics), just as we know very little about the great majority of people living in England in this period. Only when they come to the attention of historians, either through being famous, or being related to the famous, do we take note of them. A lot of black people in England worked in the service industry, as servants to wealthy households, as shopkeepers and as publicans, none of which are professions well studied in academia. We know almost nothing about the workers at the two exclusively black London brothels, for instance, but there have been books written about Saartje Baartman, Dido Elizabeth Belle and Samuel Johnson's heir Francis Barber, all well-known black people living in England during Austen's lifetime.

So why do so many people assume Austen's world is so white? Perhaps because they are experiencing her world largely through film and television, two media in which the long eighteenth century has, most certainly, been whitewashed. Ethnic and racial diversity was an historical reality throughout the Anglophone world and beyond in this period, and yet popular representations of the past, with very few exceptions, entirely feature white actors. It's easy to assume that Austen's world is all-white when all our favourite images of her period suggest just that.
And what about in Austen's own novels? Much has been made of Miss Lambe, the young "half Mulatto" heiress in Austen's unfinished last novel, Sanditon. But we don't know much about Miss Lambe's appearance - we just know that she's rich, which to Austen was far more important.
The truth is, Jane Austen, like many of her contemporaries, doesn't offer her readers much in the way of descriptions of her characters' appearance. We know, seeing through Darcy's eyes, that Elizabeth Bennet has a "light and pleasing" figure and "fine eyes." What colour those eyes are we never learn, let alone what colour Elizabeth's skin might be. As for Darcy, we know that he's tall. That's it. There is no compelling or historical reason at all for the next actor to play one of these coveted roles to be white.

It's long past time that representations of the pre-photographic past started to actually look like that past, just as images of our own society need to reflect the true composition of that society. Regency black lives matter, too.

Olivia Murphy is a Postdoctoral Fellow in English at The University of Sydney. She is the author of Jane Austen the Reader: The Artist as Critic and co-editor of Anna Letitia Barbauld: New Perspectives.

zaterdag 11 maart 2017

Jane Austen's Writing Table.

Austen family tradition indicates that Jane wrote daily and that she wrote at this small table placed by a window for light. Jane wore spectacles and was known to have some trouble with her eyes so light would have been important. Writing with a quill and using ink which she may have made for herself using the recipe that survives in Martha Lloyd’s recipe book.

The table was returned to the museum in 1957.  Only the table top is original as noted on the handwritten note attached to its underside when it was given to the Jane Austen Society by Brigadier B C Bradford.  The note was written by Bradford’s great uncle, Montague G. Knight, and reads: “This table was bought by Montague G. Knight of Chawton House, from a grandson of James Goodchild, who lived in Chawton village in Jane Austen’s time.”  Goodchild’s brother-in-law, William Littleworth, had been a servant for Mrs Austen, Jane’s mother, and when he was too old for work she furnished a cottage for him.  Amongst the furniture was the little table at which Littleworth claimed he “often saw Jane Austen writing”. jane-austens-house-museum/41-objects

donderdag 9 maart 2017

Jane Austen in 41 Objects.

200 years after her death, Jane Austen in 41 Objects is a celebration of Jane Austen’s life. Jane was only 41 years old when she died in 1817, and Jane Austen in 41 Objects tells the story of her life and legacy with reference to 41 different objects in the Jane Austen’s House Museum collection.

Jane Austen in 41 Objects takes the form of an evolving exhibition at the Museum from Friday 3 March alongside a series of online posts by guest writers published weekly throughout this bicentenary year. Each object and accompanying text explores a different aspect of Jane Austen’s life and work.

The story begins online at www.jane-austens-house-museum.org.uk on Friday 10 March and finishes on Friday 15 December, one day before Jane Austen’s birthday. 

Jane Austen Wallpaper.

Jane Austen's House Museum is launching its bicentenary commemorations with a reinterpretation of the house interior following discovery of wallpaper fragments.

Following the discovery of a number of fragments of Regency wallpapers in out-of-the-way corners of the house - dating from the early 19th century and the period in which Austen would have been living there with her mother and sister - the museum commissioned Hamilton Weston Wallpapers to reconstruct the patterns from these fragments and to create replica wallpapers.  Specialists in historic and reproduction wallpapers, Hamilton Weston have used the same hand block printing processes that would have been used during the 19th century to create the designs.    

A centre element of the trellis design on the fragments found in the Austen’s Family Room (right) initially proved a mystery to Hamilton Weston’s architectural historian, Robert Weston. After thought and research, he realised that the pin print motif on the design was actually the stem of a rose bud but with the bud print omitted. In addition, the wallpaper had been hung upside down, potentially to disguise the missing bud. It was printed incorrectly, perhaps by an early 19th century apprentice to the trade, and, as the household were not rich, one theory is that they purchased the design cheaply as a ‘second’ from the printers, as wallpaper was very expensive and heavily taxed from 1714 – 1836. 

Both replica wallpapers are now hanging in the rooms from which the corresponding fragments came - the “Chawton Vine” design in the Drawing Room and the “Apprentice Trellis” in the upstairs Family Room – for visitors to view when the house reopens on 3rd March.

Both designs, as well as a third, the “Chawton Rosebud Moiré” which features the rosebud believed to have been the intended outcome, are available for purchase via the museum shop. jane-austens-house-museum

vrijdag 10 februari 2017

The 9th Annual Jane Austen Festival.

Welcome to the Jane Austen Society of North America- Greater Louisville Region!

Who are we? We are fans of Jane Austen either through her books or many movie adaptations.  We formed in July of 2007 and haven’t looked back!  We now have approximately 160 members.  We meet monthly at Locust Grove and have wonderful programs (see Calendar of Events) and serve afternoon tea at the conclusion of each meeting.

Jane Austen at 200: still a friend and a stranger.

As the anniversary of her death approaches, Jane Austen and her work will be celebrated across the country. Lucy Worsley explores why such a well-loved author remains so mysterious

Downright nonsense” was the verdict of Mrs Augusta Bramston, a Hampshire friend and neighbour of the Austen family, on reading Pride and Prejudice. In 1814, Jane Austen published Mansfield Park, a sophisticated study of love and family life. Mrs Bramston nevertheless thought she ought to give it go, and having struggled through volume one, “flattered herself she had got through the worst”.

Jane Austen recorded this and other hilarious remarks from friends in a list of opinions on Mansfield Park. The document, in Austen’s own neat handwriting, is just one of the funny and sad items in the British Library’s new exhibition, Jane Austen Among Family and Friends, which opened on Tuesday.

Austen surely recorded the comments in a spirit of malicious mockery rather than regret. Even if only a small number of readers appreciated her at the time of her death in 1817, she hopefully knew just how brilliant a writer she was. Two hundred years later, everyone knows it. Her face is to appear on £10 notes and £2 coins, and the bicentenary of her death will see a slew of exhibitions showcasing her writing and world. Read all: theguardian/jane-austen-200-anniversary

donderdag 8 december 2016

Wentworth Woodhouse

When the chancellor of the Exchequer announced this week that the British government planned to pour £7.6 million, about $9.48 million, into restoring Wentworth Woodhouse, an English stately home “said to be the inspiration for Pemberley in Jane Austen’s ‘Pride and Prejudice,’” he probably didn’t expect a backlash. But that’s just what he got.

“There is absolutely no evidence that Jane Austen ever traveled further north than Lichfield in Staffordshire,” the Jane Austen Society of the United Kingdom said after the announcement, part of the Autumn Statement by the chancellor, Philip Hammond, which outlines the government’s overall spending plan. Wentworth Woodhouse is about 70 miles north of Lichfield.

“Jane Austen, herself only too keenly aware of the value of money, and of the need for veracity, would have been savvy enough to know that a building the size of Wentworth Woodhouse with its estimated number of over 300 rooms and its estate of over 15,000 acres could not possibly have been supported on Mr. Darcy’s reported income of a mere £10,000 per annum,” the statement continued. nytimes

woensdag 30 maart 2016

Nieuwe biografie over Jane Austen aangekondigd

Historica Lucy Worsley komt in 2017 met een nieuwe biografie over Jane Austen. Dat meldt de boekenvakwebsite The Bookseller. Het boek heeft de werktitel At Home with Jane Austen. Het vertelt het levensverhaal van de schrijfster aan de hand van locaties en bezittingen die belangrijk voor haar waren.

Lucy Worsley is ‘Chief Curator’ bij de Britse Historic Royal Palaces. Daarnaast schrijft ze geschiedenisboeken en historische romans en maakt ze programma’s over historische onderwerpen voor de BBC.

‘Perfect biographer’
Maddy Price van uitgever Hodder Staughton licht de keuze voor Worsley als volgt toe:

“I have long admired and enjoyed Lucy Worsley’s books and television work, and I am thrilled to be publishing her biography of Jane Austen, another hero of mine. Lucy’s knowledge of the period makes her the perfect biographer and her wonderful writing style will truly bring Jane Austen and her world to life.”
Read all: janeausten

Follow">http://www.bloglovin.com/blog/9266087/?claim=8j9zb9a63pa">Follow my blog with Bloglovin

zondag 6 maart 2016

Emma 1816:"" English verdure, English culture, English comfort, seen under a sun bright, without being oppressive.”

Chawton House Library is celebrating the 200th anniversary of the publication of Jane Austen’s Emma, by John Murray, in December 1815, with a landmark exhibition ‘Emma at 200: from English Village to Global Appeal’. Dr. Gillian Dow, Executive Director, Chawton House Library and curator of the exhibition said, “I am pleased to say that the interest in our exhibition on the much-loved novel has already been “global” and we are looking forward to welcoming visitors from around the world when we open the exhibition on the 21st March.”

We have been fortunate enough to have a wide range of exhibits offered to us on loan from some of the world’s most prestigious research libraries, including the National Library of Scotland, the Huntington Library in California, King’s College, Cambridge, and the University of Göttingen, Germany. We will exhibit unique items such as a letter from Charlotte Brontë on her reading of Emma, a rare first English edition, the first American edition and the first French translation, first editions of books mentioned in Emma, and manuscript material, including music books, commonplace books, and original letters from other nineteenth-century women writers who read and responded to Jane Austen.

However, the opportunity to exhibit such treasured possessions for the very first time at Chawton House Library does come at a price. For even though the items are kindly being loaned to us for free, we have to cover all the extra logistical costs, such as transport, security and insurance.

To help us meet these exceptional costs, we need to raise at least £8,000.
Every donation, no matter how small, will be gratefully received and will help contribute towards the cost of staging this important exhibition.

Spring is coming. !!

vrijdag 12 februari 2016

Charlotte Rampling to star in Jane Austen adaptation 'Sanditon'

Oscar-nominee Charlotte Rampling (45 Years) is to star in a film adaptation of Jane Austen’s never-before dramatised final novel Sanditon. Jim O’Hanlon (A Hundred Streets), director of the 2009 BBC TV adaptation of Austen’s Emma, will direct from a script by British playwright Simon Reade who produces with Guy de Beaujeu for Fluidity Films (Private Peaceful). Goldcrest Film has boarded sales and finance on the project on the verge of the EFM. Goldcrest’s Nick Quested and Pascal Degove will serve as executive producers. Production is anticipated to begin in summer 2016 in the UK with additional casting underway. Austen died in July, 1817 having written the first eleven chapters of Sanditon. The unfinished manuscript, which blends the writer’s hallmark coruscating satire and romantic comedy, was bequeathed to her niece.

Rampling is due to play the imperious nouveau-riche Lady Denham in the feature which charts the story of Charlotte Heywood who is invited by eternal optimist and entrepreneur Tom Parker to spend the summer season at Sanditon. Intrigued to see (not so) polite society at play in the newly fashionable sea bathing resort, Heywood encounters a string of familiar Austen characters including Denham, the lecherous Sir Edward and the dashing, feckless Sidney Parker and his hypochondriac sisters. Pascal Degove, managing director at Goldcrest Films commented: “Charlotte Rampling is responsible for so many indelible performances, she is perfect for the crucial role of the scheming Lady Denham. This is a genuinely fresh take on a well-loved genre – we expect enormous excitement from cinemagoers and distributors alike.”

Simon Reade and Guy de Beaujeu of Fluidity Films continued: “This is a brand new, never before seen Jane Austen. Her legions of fans worldwide will be thrilled with Sanditon’s romance, comedy, sardonic wit and its clever take on the modern obsessions of health and wealth that is quintessentially Jane Austen.” Screen icon Rampling - who found herelf in the middle of a media storm last month following comments made about diversity during an interview with French radio - has been universally acclaimed for her performance in Andrew Haigh’s drama 45 Years, which saw her pick up acting awards in Berlin and Edinburgh, among other festivals. She will next be seen in Ritesh Batra’s The Sense Of An Ending alongside Jim Broadbent, Michelle Dockery and Emily Mortimer.

zaterdag 16 januari 2016

Happy New Year.

In Pride and Prejudice, Lizzie writes letters mentioning the holiday season: "Mr. Darcy sends you all the love in the world that he can spare from me. You are all to come to Pemberley at Christmas."


I wish you all a Happy NEW YEAR

Jane Austen's writing desk

The British Library @britishlibrary                        
See Jane Austen's writing desk in Basingstoke, on loan to Willis Museum 

dinsdag 22 december 2015

Forgotten Carols of Jane Austen’s Time

Because of laws restricting festivites at Christmastime, Christmas carols weren’t as common in the Regency Era as they are now. However, country people continued to sing carols in their homes and sometimes in churches. In 1822, shortly after Jane Austen’s death, Davies Gilbert, a native of Cornwall, published a collection of carols from his childhood in the West of England, which wasn’t too far from where the Austens lived. (You can find the entire volume here.)
I suspect that Jane may have been familiar with a few of these carols. Here is the first in the volume,entitled “The Lord at First Did Adam Make.”

In all, the carols he shared were as follows (click on each title to link to the words to each carol):
  1. The Lord At First Did Adam Make
  2. When God At First Created Man
  3.  A Virgin Most Pure
  4. When Righteous Joseph Wedded Was
  5. Hark, Hark! What News The Angels Bring
  6. Whilst Shepherds Watched Their Flocks By Night (You may recognize this one since it’s still a popular carol.)
  7. God’s Dear Son Without Beginning
  8. Let All That Are To Mirth Inclined

maandag 21 december 2015

“I hsiw uoy a yppah wen raey … Siht si elttil Yssac’s yadhtrib, dna ehs si eerht sraey dlo”

Jane Austen was born 16 December 1775 in Hampshire, England. Birthdays were important events in Jane Austen’s life – those of others perhaps more so than her own. The first of her letters which has come down to us was a birthday letter, addressed to her sister Cassandra, who had turned 23 that day. “I hope you will live twenty-three years longer,” Jane Austen wrote on 9 January 1796, immediately adding that “Mr Tom Lefroy’s birthday was yesterday”, and that in celebration of this, they had “had an exceeding good ball last night” (Letter 1). Tom Lefroy was a young man Jane Austen was very much in love with at that time, though he would have been too young for anything serious to have come of it. Another birthday letter to Cassandra survives, written three years later: “I wish you Joy of your Birthday twenty times over” (Letter 17, 8−9 January 1799).
Read more: blog.oup/12/birthday-letters-jane-austen

Chawton Cottage in winter.

donderdag 17 december 2015

Jane Austen's music collection made available online

About 600 pieces of music that belonged to Jane Austen have been made available online for the first time. The Pride and Prejudice author, who also played piano and sang, copied music by hand into personal albums and collected sheet music. They were digitised by the University of Southampton's Hartley Library. Project leader and professor of music Jeanice Brooks said they would help to explain the "musical environment that fed the novelist's imagination".  She added that the novels were "full of musical scenes", and the collection would provide music historians with a "unique glimpse of the musical life of an extended gentry family in the years around 1800".
In all, 18 albums of music that belonged to the 19th Century writer and her relations have been digitised. A university spokesman said they reflected the personal tastes of their owners "just as a digital music collection on a mobile phone or MP3 device would today". They include the music for the traditional Welsh song Nos Galan, better known today as Christmas song Deck the Halls.

Austen's sisters-in-law and nieces also contributed material. It is thought the collection was inherited by the writer's older brother Edward Austen Knight, and brought to the family library at Chawton House in Hampshire by his daughter Fanny Knight, Lady Knatchbull. Diane Bilbey, from Jane Austen's House Museum, said: "We are delighted that this collection can be shared with so many through digital means, and that its availability will benefit researchers and musicians alike."

woensdag 16 december 2015

Jane Austen was born on December 16, 1775.

The seventh child and second daughter of Cassandra and George Austen, Jane Austen was born on December 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire, England. Jane's parents were well-respected community members. Her father served as the Oxford-educated rector for a nearby Anglican parish. The family was close and the children grew up in an environment that stressed learning and creative thinking. When Jane was young, she and her siblings were encouraged to read from their father's extensive library. The children also authored and put on plays and charades. biography./jane-austen

Interesting janeaustensworld/to-conceive-or-not-to-conceive-that-is-the-regency-question/

dinsdag 15 december 2015

Almost Christmas

From: austenprose/a-jane-austen-christmas-celebrating-the-season-of-romance-, Never really realized that Jane Austen first met Tom LeFroy when he was visiting the area around Christmastime. I also never realized that Harris Bigg-Wither proposed to her while the Austen sisters were staying with his family over the holidays. Understanding some of these moments in the context of the season helped to give them an intimacy that hadn’t been there before—at least not for me.


zaterdag 28 november 2015

vrijdag 13 november 2015

Cheque of John Murray to Jane Austen, 21 October 1816

Although her books would go on to become bestsellers they had only modest success and profits during Austen's lifetime. This small cheque was one of the few she received. It is for her share of the profits from the first edition of 'Emma' and the second edition of 'Mansfield Park'.

This item is sponsored by The Jane Austen Society


donderdag 5 november 2015

Reports of Jane’s death appeared in newspapers across England.

Jane Austen’s obituary.
(Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Monday July 28, 1817.)
Most were brief, containing only a line or two and no mention of her novels at all.  The following notice appeared in the Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Monday July 28, 1817.  It is one of the lengthier obituaries and one of the only ones I could find that mention her books. mimimatthews

zaterdag 26 september 2015

Jane Austen and the art of letter writing

Janes father owned an extensive library, and Austen was an avid reader. But in genteel families such as hers letter writing skills were usually handed down within the family.

Jane is believed to have written some 3,000 letters, only about 160 of which have survived, most of them addressed to Cassandra.

Cassandra wasn’t the only one she corresponded with. There are letters to her brothers, to friends, to her nieces and nephews as well as to her publishers and some of her literary admirers, with whom she slowly developed a slightly more intimate relationship. There is even a letter to Charles Haden, the handsome apothecary who she is believed to have been in love with. Her unusual ending, “Good bye”, suggests a kind of flirting on paper. The language of the letters shows how she varied her style depending on who she was writing to. She would use the word fun, considered a “low” word at the time, only to the younger generation of Austens. Jane Austen loved linguistic jokes, as shown by the reverse letter to her niece Cassandra Esten: “Ym raed Yssac, I hsiw uoy a yppah wen raey”, and she recorded her little nephew George’s inability to pronounce his own name: “I flatter myself that itty Dordy will not forget me at least under a week”. Read all: oxforddictionaries

dinsdag 15 september 2015

Peering into the past

Something that can be overlooked in a museum is the history of the museum itself. As a "House Museum" part of our story is told through the bricks and mortar, but naturally the focus of our attention is on the house as it would have been at the time Jane Austen lived here (1809-17) and to a lesser degree beyond those years to 1845 when Jane's sister Cassandra died and the cottage was no longer the home of the Austen ladies.
The photograph above shows the drawing-room in the 1950s and features Mr Austen's Bureau, the Clementi Piano, the chaise longue (which was found in the attic) and a portrait of two of Francis Austen's children, Mary-Jane and George. The mirror above the bureau is one that was owned by the Austen family and is currently in need of conservation. The other frame contains fragments of the wallpaper which was discovered when shelving was removed from the area of the window at the front of the house that was blocked off in 1809. If you look closely it is possible to see that the floor has neither floorboards nor carpet. Although the Austens would have had rugs, this room had a flagstone floor and although the ladies would have spent their evenings in this room it certainly was not a grand room. Floorboards were not installed until 1983.
The House first opened as a Museum in 1949; at the time some tenants were still living in parts of the house. The Museum has grown and been developed over the years. It was only in 2009 that a separate entrance to the Museum was created, rather than visitors paying on arrival in the drawing-room, and we were able for the first time to open the kitchen to the public, bringing the majority of the House into the visitor experience. (We do still have a few corners where we have tucked offices away, but generally our visitors are able to see the whole house). Read more: jane-austens-house-museum
Austen werd geboren in Hampshire. Haar vader was een geestelijke. Het grootste deel van haar leven bleef zij in haar geboortestreek. Austen had zes broers en een oudere zuster, Cassandra, met wie zij zeer hecht was. Het enige onbetwiste portret van Jane Austen is een gekleurde schets die door Cassandra werd gemaakt en nu in de National Portrait Gallery in Londen hangt. In 1801 verhuisde de familie naar Bath. In 1802 werd Austen ten huwelijk gevraagd door de rijke Harris Bigg-Wither en zij stemde toe; de volgende dag deelde ze echter mee dat zij haar woord niet kon houden en trok haar instemming in. De reden hiervoor is niet bekend, maar Austen is nooit getrouwd. Na de dood van haar vader in 1805 woonden Jane, haar zuster en haar moeder daar nog verscheidene jaren tot zij in 1809 naar Chawton verhuisden. Hier had haar rijke broer Edward een landgoed met een plattelandshuisje, dat hij aan zijn moeder en zusters schonk (dit huis is tegenwoordig open voor het publiek). Zelfs nadat zij naam gemaakt had als romanschrijfster bleef zij in relatieve stilte leven, maar haar gezondheid ging sterk achteruit. Er wordt nu aangenomen dat zij de ziekte van Addison had, waarvan toen de oorzaak nog onbekend was. Ze reisde naar Winchester om behandeling te zoeken, maar stierf daar en werd begraven in de kathedraal.
Tot Austens beroemdste werk behoort de roman Emma. Het boek wordt vaak aangehaald vanwege de perfectie van vorm. Moderne critici blijven ook nieuwe perspectieven ontdekken op het scherpe commentaar van Austen betreffende de klasse van jonge, ongehuwde, aristocratische Engelse vrouwen in de vroege 19e eeuw.


Related Posts with Thumbnails

Fashion - Regency 1